Blog Notes


Dual spaces and the Fenchel conjugate

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Dual spaces lie at the core of linear algebra and allows us to formally reason about the concept of duality in mathematics. Duality shows up naturally and elegantly in measure theory, functional analysis, and mathematical optimization. In this post, I have tried to learn and explore the nature of duality via Dual spaces, its interpretation in general linear algebra, all of which was motivated by the so called convex conjugate, or the Fenchel conjugate in mathematical optimization. Read more

A survey on Strongly Rayleigh measures and their mixing time analysis

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Strongly Rayleigh measures are natural generalizations of measures that satisfy the notion of negative dependence. The class of Strongly Rayleigh measures provides the most useful characterization of Negative Dependence by grounding it in the theory of multivariate stable polynomials. This post attempts to throw some light on the origin of Strongly Rayleigh measures and Determinantal Point Processes and highlights the fast mixing time analysis of the natural MCMC chain in the support of a Strongly Rayleigh measure as shown by Anari, Gharan and Rezaei 2016. Read more


Analysis of Newton’s Method

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In optimization, Netwon’s method is used to find the roots of the derivative of a twice differentiable function given the oracle access to its gradient and hessian. By having super-liner memory in the dimension of the ambient space, Newton’s method can take the advantage of the second order curvature and optimize the objective function at a quadratically convergent rate. Here I consider the case when the objective function is smooth and strongly convex. Read more

Deriving the Fokker-Planck equation

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In the theory of dynamic systems, Fokker-Planck equation is used to describe the time evolution of the probability density function. It is a partial differential equation that describes how the density of a stochastic process changes as a function of time under the influence of a potential field. Some common application of it are in the study of Brownian motion, Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process, and in statistical physics. The motivation behind understanding the derivation is to study Levy flight processes that has caught my recent attention. Read more


Nesterov’s Acceleration

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This post contains an error vector analysis of the Nesterov’s accelerated gradient descent method and some insightful implications that can be derived from it. Read more


A survey on Large Scale Optimization

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This post contains a summary and survey of the theoretical understandings of Large Scale Optimization by referring some talks, papers, and lectures that I have come across in the recent. Read more